Cleghorn Family Tree

Catherine Mary DathAge: 61 years18891950

Name
Catherine Mary Dath
Given names
Catherine Mary
Surname
Dath
Birth 20 March 1889 42 33
Baptism 30 May 1889 (Age 2 months)
Note: Godparents: Edward Carr and Ellen Cutler
Death of a brotherWilliam Joseph Dath
19 March 1891 (Age 23 months)
Cause: Diphtheria
Burial of a brotherWilliam Joseph Dath
20 March 1891 (Age 2 years)
Note: Block 10 Plot 3

Death of a sisterElizabeth Norah Dath
1 April 1891 (Age 2 years)

Shared note: There was an influenza epidemic in New Zealand in the early months of 1891
Burial of a sisterElizabeth Norah Dath
1 April 1891 (Age 2 years)
Note: Block 10 Plot 42

Birth of a sisterElizabeth Norah Dath
4 April 1891 (Age 2 years)
Baptism of a sisterElizabeth Norah Dath
14 May 1891 (Age 2 years)
Note: Godparents: Edward and Hannah Carr
Education
Primer 1 - Standard 5
between 26 March 1894 and 18 December 1902 (Age 5 years)
School or college: Waitahuna School
Note: Thomas Dath, Paternal Grandfather, listed as Parent on the school roll
Residence August 1906 (Age 17 years)
Note: Birth of daughter: Emma Elizabeth Dath
Birth of a daughter
#1
Mary Eileen Daff
30 December 1907 (Age 18 years)
Address: Karitane Nursing Home
Residence December 1907 (Age 18 years)
Note: Birth of daughter: Eileen Mary Daff
Death of a brotherJohn Dath
15 September 1916 (Age 27 years)
Cause: Killed in Action
Note: Battle of the Somme
British War Medal and the Victory Medal
British War Medal and the Victory Medal

Note: The British War Medal and the Victory Medal were presented to his mother Bridget Dath 28 September 1923


Death of a sisterHelen Theresa Dath
30 November 1917 (Age 28 years)
Burial of a sisterHelen Theresa Dath
3 December 1917 (Age 28 years)

Address: Eastern Cemetery Block/Plot: Free Ground - 1 / 1X
Residence 1919 (Age 29 years)
Note: Hundreds of Christchurch women worked in a convent laundry known worldwide as "laundry slaves" -- un…
Birth of a son
#2
Patrick Joseph Darth
9 February 1924 (Age 34 years)
Address: Bethany Maternity Hospital

Bethany Maternity Hospital, Wellington
Bethany Maternity Hospital, Wellington

Note: In 1914, the Salvation Army opened a Bethany Maternity Hospital at 18 Kensington Street, which was s…

Residence February 1924 (Age 34 years)
Note: Birth of son: Patrick Joseph Darth
Death of a fatherJohn Dath
1 January 1925 (Age 35 years)
Cause: Arterial cleroses & Gangrine of foot
Birth of a son
#3
Raymond John Walker
18 October 1926 (Age 37 years)
Residence October 1926 (Age 37 years)
Note: Birth of son: Raymond John Walker
Birth of a son
#4
George Henry Dath
9 May 1929 (Age 40 years)
Residence May 1929 (Age 40 years)
Note: Birth of son: George Henry Downes
Death of a husbandThomas Phillip ‘Tom’ Walker
5 November 1933 (Age 44 years)

Burial of a husbandThomas Phillip ‘Tom’ Walker
8 November 1933 (Age 44 years)
Cemetery: Block #1C RSA Plot #21 (3rd Row), Bromley Cemetery


Death of a motherBridget Armstrong
24 September 1937 (Age 48 years)
Cause: Myocardial degeneration
Residence between 1935 and 1938 (Age 45 years)
Address: 71 Salisbury St
Note: Mother Bridget Armstrong lived and died here in 1937
Adoption of a sonGeorge Henry Dath
1936 (Age 46 years)
Adoption: Adopted by both parents
Residence 1940 (Age 50 years)
Address: 71 Salisbury Street
Note: living with a Mrs Janet H Campbell
Residence 1946 (Age 56 years)
Christchurch, New Zealand
Latitude: S43.536372 Longitude: E172.62893

Address: 71 St Asaph Street
Residence between 1949 and 1950 (Age 59 years)
Christchurch, New Zealand
Latitude: S43.538409 Longitude: E172.6336

Address: 160 Durham St
Note: Her son, Raymond John Walker, is registered in the 1949 census as living here.
Death 9 September 1950 (Age 61 years)

Burial 12 September 1950 (3 days after death)
Bromley, Christchurch, New Zealand
Latitude: S43.53611 Longitude: E172.68574

Cemetery: Block #21 Plot #219, Bromley Cemetery



Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: 15 June 1881Milton, Otago, New Zealand
9 months
elder brother
Thomas Dath
Birth: 10 March 1882 35 26
Death: 18 June 1888Waitahuna Gully, Otago, New Zealand
14 months
elder brother
William Joseph Dath
Birth: 18 May 1883 36 27New Zealand
Death: 19 March 1891Waitahuna Gully, Otago, New Zealand
17 months
elder brother
We Shall Remember ThemJohn Dath
Birth: 7 October 1884 37 28Milton, Otago, New Zealand
Death: 15 September 1916France
15 months
elder sister
15 months
elder sister
2 years
herself
2 years
younger sister
Family with Ernest Hall - View this family
husband
herself
daughter
Private
daughter
… … + Catherine Mary Dath - View this family
herself
son
Family with Thomas Phillip ‘Tom’ Walker - View this family
husband
herself
son
3 years
son
son
Private
Thomas Phillip ‘Tom’ Walker + Myrtle Maud Owens - View this family
husband
husband’s wife
Marriage: 17 April 1919Auckland, New Zealand
Divorce: 1925Auckland, New Zealand
10 months
step-son
16 months
step-daughter

Baptism

Godparents: Edward Carr and Ellen Cutler

Education

Thomas Dath, Paternal Grandfather, listed as Parent on the school roll

Residence

Birth of daughter: Emma Elizabeth Dath

Residence

Birth of daughter: Eileen Mary Daff

Residence

Hundreds of Christchurch women worked in a convent laundry known worldwide as "laundry slaves" -- unpaid women and teenage girls who worked in large commercial laundries run by Catholic orders.

The idea was to redeem the souls of so-called "fallen" women, while generating a profit for their keepers. Tens of thousands of women toiled in these religious sweat shops in the 1800s and 1900s. Only now is their plight being recognised.

In Ireland, convent laundries were common in the 20th century. Girls were often housed in Magdalene homes, named after the biblical Mary Magdalene, the prostitute who repented before Christ and was given the honour of washing his feet.

Girls were locked away from society simply for being poor, orphaned, victims of rape, having a child out of wedlock, or deemed to be in "moral danger". Some Magdalenes, as they were called, were placed in the hands of the Church by their own families. Others came from orphanages or were committed through courts. Once incarcerated, their sentences could be open-ended. Some never left, living and dying in exile from the outside world.

Irish women were forced into unpaid labour eight to 10 hours a day, seven days a week, in commercial laundries run by the Sisters of Mercy. It was seen as penance for their sins and repaying society. An estimated 30,000 women and girls lived and died in Ireland's Magdalene laundries, before the last one closed in 1996.

New Zealand and Australia had its "laundry slaves", too. In Christchurch they were known as the "wayward girls" from Mount Magdala at Halswell. Despite the place name, they lived on 80 hectares of featureless farmland off Lincoln Road in an asylum for fallen women run by the Sisters of the Good Shepherd.

Originally from Angers in France, the order was committed to rescue work of women and girls in moral danger. By 1936, they had more than 300 homes such as Magdala around the world. From their rural isolation, the "penitents" cleaned the laundry of top hotels, military forces, and other institutions. There was something symbolically cleansing about washing, ironing, and bagging white sheets. It was also strenuous adult work in hot, steamy conditions.

The first Sisters of the Good Shepherd arrived in Christchurch from Melbourne in 1886 to staff the asylum, on the invitation of a Catholic priest. As a chaplain at Lyttelton jail, Father Laurentius Maria Ginaty became concerned by the number of Catholic Irish women jailed for drunkenness, prostitution, or both.

He approached the order's French headquarters for help, which sent two groups of four nuns. The Magdalene asylum was officially opened in Halswell in 1888, with 40 inmates. The laundry was already in full swing by then, employing most of the girls. The nuns told The Press that year that it was hard to get the women to work at first, but they soon became "expert laundresses". Those inmates not fit enough to work in the laundry tended to the gardens, did embroidery, and sewed booties for use inside the asylum.

For many years, Mount Magdala was the only home of its kind in the New Zealand and took "bad girls" from Canterbury, Auckland, Wellington, and Dunedin. The nuns told journalists in 1912 that "all who have fallen by the wayside or who are exposed to fall were welcome", regardless of religion. (By then, nearly 800 girls had passed through.)

On arrival, girls had their names replaced by the those of saints.

Mount Magdala was an industrious, largely self-contained community. Bread was baked on the premises, shoes made and repaired, and the cows, pigs, and fowls provided much of the food. "We had butter on Sundays for a treat and dripping during the week," says one former girl.

A strict regime of work, prayer, and sleep was enforced. Girls were marched to church at 7am, before breakfast. They started work in the laundry by 8am. When a big air show or race meeting was held in Christchurch, hotels would be full and the laundry worked overtime. Working in the laundry was more or less punishment, it was so physical.

Two men were employed to do the heaviest work, but the girls were forbidden to talk to them.

The Magdalene Sisters has been moving audiences to tears with scenes of nuns beating girls for the smallest misdemeanour.

Not all of institutional life was bad. There were fun times, such as picnics and rollerskating races around the laundry after dark. "You got a hiding, but that was the thing in those days."

In Auckland, a Catholic Communications director Lyndsay Freer, is appalled at what went on in convent institutions.

"This is one of the terrible shames that we have. It is indefensible, but it was a three- way partnership. Families connived with the orders (the Church). The State knew that it was going on and was a party to it," she says."But not every nun would have been a sadist."

Researcher Denis Hampton, who has written a short history of Mount Magdala, says the nuns were doubtlessly strict -- and had to be. Some would have been young themselves, untrained for the job, and overworked. By the end of the Depression, 33 nuns looked after 500 girls.

People should avoid judging the sisters by today's standards, says Hampton. "I am convinced the nuns believed what they were doing was best for the children."

However, the nuns did not -- and probably could not -- prepare the girls for outside life. "When I was 17, before I left, I was given a little red book to read and that was my sex education," says one girl. "I never knew there was two different sexes until then. I thought the only difference was that men wore trousers. I learnt about sex the hard way."

On leaving, each girl was given a trousseau -- a change of clothes, flannel, soap, toothbrush, and toothpaste, as if they were away for the weekend. Many struggled to live outside the Magdalene laundries.

With a swing away from institutions and a fall-off in vocations, the Good Shepherd Sisters left Mount Magdala in 1968 after 82 years service. They moved to Auckland, where a dwindling, ageing group of nuns still live.

In late 2001, the nuns reached a mediated settlement, paying compensation and apologising to 14 women physically abused at the St Joseph's orphanage they also ran in Halswell in the 1930s to 1950s.

Mount Magdala was eventually taken over by the St John of God Order for Marylands, a residential home for boys with learning difficulties. Today, St John still runs a hospital on the old property, alongside Hogben School.

Residence

Birth of son: Patrick Joseph Darth

Residence

Birth of son: Raymond John Walker

Residence

Birth of son: George Henry Downes

Residence

Mother Bridget Armstrong lived and died here in 1937

Residence

living with a Mrs Janet H Campbell

Residence

Her son, Raymond John Walker, is registered in the 1949 census as living here.